The Many Cannabinoids and Terpenes
The cannabis we know and love has an aroma and experience that we desire, but where do these unique effects come from? Cannabinoids and terpenes. Our bodies have an endocannabinoid system that takes in the varying cannabinoids and creates the specific "high" associated with a particular strain. Terpenes play a role, too, using our taste receptors and sense of smell to play into the cannabis experience. Depending on the concentration of each terpene and cannabinoid, we can encounter the entourage effect, creating a unique benefit and sensation as the various cannabis compounds work together. Let's take a look at the most commonly found cannabinoids and terpenes below and explore how they may alter your body's reaction to the flower you smoke.
THC: This cannabinoid, tetrahydrocannabinol, generates the intoxicating "high" you are familiar with. When combined with other cannabinoids, THC's effects can be emphasized or dampened. THC can help relieve pain, lift your mood, and aid digestion.
CBD: Cannabidiol has been used to reduce stress, improve appetite, and help users sleep better. Consumers of CBD often want the medicinal properties of cannabis without the "high."
CBG: Cannabigerol is also non-psychoactive and only found in small amounts. It's believed that CBG helps with glaucoma, IBS, Crohn's disease, and reducing cancerous tumor growth.
CBC: Another non-psychoactive cannabinoid, cannabichromene, lessens the intensity of THC's effects. It benefits our brain's health and development, and also has anti-inflammation properties.
CBN: Cannabinol is minorly psychoactive when compared to THC. In fact, it is created by THC interacting with oxygen. This is thought to be the reason why older cannabis loses THC as it ages but gains CBN.
These oils called terpenes give your favorites buds their delicious taste and distinctive aroma. But terpenes aren't only found in cannabis; you can find them in other plants and flowers, too!
Myrcene: This terpene is earthy and herbal, sometimes resembling cloves. It's typically found in strains that offer relaxing or sedative effects, and it could potentially help with insomnia, pain relief, and inflammation. This terpene can also be found in hops and bay leaves.
Limonene: As its name suggests, this terpene can be found in lemons and other citrus fruits, giving it that delicious citrus smell. It is commonly associated with a lifted mood and stress relief. It has been used to treat anxiety, depression, pain, and even cancer.
Caryophyllene: This stress-relieving terpene is spicy and peppery. It's also found in cinnamon, and has helped users with pain relief, anxiety, and depression.
Terpinolene: Also found in conifers, terpinolene gives cannabis a piney/floral aroma. It is uplifting for most users, and has potential anti-fungal, antibacterial, and anti-cancer properties.
Pinene: Hence its name, this terpene gives off a pine aroma and is also found in pine needles. It is an energizing terpene, giving consumers alertness and focus. It has been shown to help with pain, inflammation, asthma, and cancer.
Ocimene: This sweet yet woody smelling terpene can also be found in mint, mangoes, and tarragon. Much of its potential value lies in its antiseptic, antiviral, and decongestant properties.
Linalool: This terpene is all about relaxation and happiness. It is also found in lavender, and has helped those with pain, anxiety, depression, and insomnia find relief.
The Hive Mendocino Cooperative offers a variety of cultivars to bulk buyers, all with unique cannabinoid and terpene profiles. Because we are a group of farms, we can provide large batch sizes and an extensive menu that is sure to meet any licensed buyer's needs. If you are interested in purchasing some of Hive Mendocino's Simply Clean Certified cannabis, please fill out a Wholesale Account Form. We will reach out to you with details shortly.
This post is for informational purposes only. Please consult with your doctor if using cannabis for medicinal purposes.
Photo by: Jeff W on Unsplash